In many people snakes cause panic horror, in some cases, incidentally, quite justified – the bite of many of them can send an adult very quickly. But still in the world enough lovers of these reptiles, who keep them as pets. Today we will tell you interesting facts about snakes.
Interesting facts about snakes
- Snakes are found in every corner of the globe except Antarctica. Also, there are no reptiles of this group in Ireland, Iceland, and New Zealand.
- There are about three times fewer poisonous snakes in the world than non-poisonous snakes.
- Poisonous snakes use poison primarily as a way to kill the victim while hunting, not to defend themselves.
- The longest snake inhabiting the Earth is Reticulated python, which can be up to 10 meters long.
- The largest and most massive snake on the planet is anaconda or water boa. There is a lot of evidence of anacondas over 6 meters long, but none of them has been scientifically confirmed. But the record weight of anacondas is well known – adult snakes weigh from 30 to 70 kg. Among scaly anacondas, it is second only to the Komodo varan in weight; among snakes, it has no equal.
- The shortest snakes on Earth live on the island of Barbados – adult snakes grow to a maximum of 10 centimeters. On average, the size of terrestrial snakes rarely exceeds 1 meter.
- All snakes molt periodically throughout their lives.
- Snakes have no legs, shoulders, chest, eardrum, lymph nodes, bladder, and eyelids that would close and open.
- Snake eyelids are transparent scales, which are always closed to protect eyes from dirt. The eyes of snakes are never closed and they sleep with their eyes open unless they are covered by the rings of the snake’s body.
- The upper and lower jaws of snakes are not connected so that snakes could vary widely open their mouth and swallow their prey, whose width sometimes exceeds the size of the snake’s body.
- Thanks to its ability to periodically change the old skin on a new snake became a symbol of medicine and get rid of the disease.
- Viper teeth, thanks to a special structure of jaws can rotate by 90 degrees.
- Poisonous teeth of some snakes, such as the Gabonese Viper, can grow to 4.5 cm.
- In the snake body, there are 200 to 450 vertebrae (33 to 34 in comparison).
- The internal organs of the snake are elongated and there is no symmetry in their arrangement with other species. Also, paired organs usually lose their pairs – for example, most snakes have only the right lung.
- Snakes look for prey and orientate themselves in the space by the smell, which is captured with the tongue – tongue constantly collects particles from soil, air, and water, which then snake analyzes in its mouth.
- Some snakes have excellent eyesight, others can only distinguish light from the darkness. Snake vision is not used to see the surroundings, but to determine the movement of objects of interest to the snake.
- Thanks to a special organ, snakes “see” heat, which allows them to quickly get on the trail of warm blood. Snakes also recognize infrared radiation thanks to the heat that comes from it.
- Snakes can feel other animals approaching them, capturing the vibrations of the ground with the whole body surface.
- All snakes are known to science (and on the planet, there are 3631 species) – predators.
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See also Interesting facts about rattlesnakes