24 interesting facts about guinea pigs

Guinea pigs are cute fluffy creatures, which many people keep as pets.

They are easy to tame, and, being raised at home, they become devoted and affectionate pets. In suitable conditions, surrounded by care and having the right diet, guinea pigs can live long enough, pleasing their owners with their attention. Today we will tell you interesting facts about guinea pigs.

Interesting facts about guinea pigs

  1. The guinea pigs have 4 toes on their front legs and only 3 toes on their rear legs.
  2. The guinea pigs remember their owners not only by smell but also by face.
  3. These rodents were tamed by Incas, for which they served as a source of valuable meat. 
  4. People of Moche culture worshipped guinea pigs and created works of art dedicated to these animals.
  5. Meat delicacies from guinea pigs are still served in many places in Peru and Ecuador.
  6. The body length of guinea pigs reaches 35 centimeters and the weight of adult males is 1.5 kg.
  7. Guinea pigs have to eat constantly and in small portions because of the special structure of the digestive system.
  8. These rodents must eat their litter to be healthy – they can absorb vitamins from groups K and B only during the second passage of products containing them through the digestive tract.
  9. Guinea pigs are kind and sociable pets. They remember their name, like to sit on their hands and purr when they are stroked.
  10. Pregnant guinea pigs, and occasionally males, make a chirping, similar to the singing of birds.
  11. Guinea pigs usually live for about 5 years, but with good care, their life can be extended for several more years.
  12. Guinea pigs become adults and can reproduce a month after birth.
  13. Guinea pigs should not be given penicillin, because for them it is a deadly poison.
  14. The teeth of guinea pigs grow all their life, so they need to learn about food.
  15. When guinea pigs are happy, they stretch or jump on the spot.
  16. The oldest guinea pig lived up to 15 years – this achievement is recorded in the Guinness Book of World Records.
  17. The guinea pig’s DNA consists of 64 chromosomes (18 less in humans).
  18. Pregnant guinea pigs may change their mind about becoming a mother – then the calves are dissolved inside her body or canned for several years.
  19. The guinea pigs sleep for 10 minutes several times a day, the rest of the time they are awake.
  20. The guinea pigs have a high body temperature, so in heat, they can easily overheat and get heatstroke.
  21. The guinea pigs can be seriously affected even by falling from a low altitude.
  22. Guinea pigs, unlike other rodents, such as mice, can distinguish colors.
  23. The wool length of Peruvian guinea pigs can be up to 50 centimeters.
  24. The guinea pigs appeared in Europe after Christopher Columbus discovered America.

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