In nature, there are many species of ants.
For example, small redheads live in apartments and private houses, where they are often found on the kitchen table or near groceries. Black ants usually live on trees and bushes and differ from the rest in that they hatch aphids in large quantities, feeding on their excreta. But several times a year, huge hordes of flying ants appear in the street. And it is best to pay close attention to them.
It should be noted that in nature there is no such a separate type of insects as ants with wings. However, each inhabiting species periodically appear individuals with wings – females, and males who can fly.
This happens in spring or summer, during the beginning of the mating period of ants. Until mating, these insects live in their native anthills, along with simple workers who have no wings from birth. After fertilization, females bite off their wings.
Which species refers to the winged ant can be determined by its color. The most common species found in nature are red, black, or red insects. Also, a good guideline is a size – black ants are the largest of all, and domestic red ants – the smallest. Some people confuse flying ants with termites. However, this is not true – the latter has no chest department, and here the body is divided into three parts – the head, chest, and abdomen.
During mating, males pass on to females special male sex cells, which they then use for the rest of their lives. After that, the females fly away from their native anthill and don’t go back there anymore – they find a place to base their own nest.
Not all females achieve success – some die while looking for a place, others can’t breed the first offspring, third die from the unfavorable conditions of the environment in which they organized an anthill.
In a specially created chamber, the female hatch her first offspring – it is usually ants-workers and chews off her wings for lack of need.
As such, the flying ants do not carry a threat. However, you should remember that the female after fertilization loses her wings and becomes a womb, the queen of her new anthill. They spend their entire life, which can last up to 28 years, depending on the species, almost endlessly produce offspring from which appear both workers and new females and males. The latter is necessary for the ant community only for reproduction, and after performing their functions, either die themselves, or they are killed by workers as useless for the further existence of the anthill.
But when fighting flying ants, it is necessary to remember that, like any other insects of this type, they will protect themselves when trying to attack them. In this case, you can get quite painful bites, causing severe itching and even an allergic reaction.
There is no point in chasing with traps or special aerosols for winged insects.
Therefore, it is best to fight against such ants either before mating (usually, this process does not occur in the apartment – they need to find a way out into the open air), or after mating, to prevent the base of a new anthill. For this purpose, ordinary means are used to combatants, ranging from sprays and poisoned baits, and ending with specialists in the destruction of insects.
Winged ants are not a separate species of insects, but specific winged individuals, females, and males, which appear in spring and summer to breed. After mating males die, and females, using the wings, fly away to find a place under a new anthill. Not all individuals achieve their goal, but successful breed their first offspring and bite off their wings. The winged individuals themselves are not dangerous, but may later cause a huge number of new ants.