Otter is one of the mammal species of predators, which is included in the Mustelidae family.
Otters live up to 16 years. Medicines for dogs are perfect for otter vaccination. The average otter lifespan of the animal in captivity – 15 years, in wildlife there are rare specimens older than 10 years.
By their nature, they are playful and frolic in the water with their puppies. Its usual food source is fish, and then down the river, eels, but it can try frogs and birds.
The period of puberty in the female otter comes in two years, in the male in three. These animals are single. Mating is carried out in the water.
Otters are multiplied once a year, this period falls in the spring. Female has a very interesting period of embryos, after fertilization may stop in development, and then begin again. For this reason, the female can bring offspring both in early winter and in mid-spring (latent embroidery can last up to 270 days). The period of pregnancy lasts from 60 to 85 days.
Infertility is from 2 to 4 babies. They are born blind and in fur, vision appears after one month of life. In the second month of life, babies have teeth, and they learn to swim, on 6 months they become independent. After about a year, the babies leave their mother.
The number of these wonderful animals reduce significantly. The reason for this is not only contaminated ponds but also poaching. Hunting for otters is prohibited by law. In some countries, this wonderful animal is listed in the Red Book.
The main value for hunters is the otter fur – it is quite high quality and durable. Beaver, otter, and muskrat are the main sources of fur, which are so loved to use for sewing various items.
Otters of all kinds have the same color – brown or brown. Their fur is short, but thick, which makes it very valuable. In spring and summer, the otters have a molting period.
Otters are one of those who take care and care of their fur, comb it, and clean it. If they do not do this, the wool will become dirty and will no longer keep warm, and it will surely lead to death. Due to the small eyes, the otter can see well on land and underwater.
They also have short legs and sharp nails. The fingers of the paws are connected by eardrums, which makes it possible to swim well. When the otter dives into the water, its ear holes and nostrils are closed by valves, thus blocking the penetration of water. The otter can swim up to 300 m in pursuit of extraction underwater.
When a mammal feels threatened, it makes a hissing sound. When playing with each other, they rattle or chatter. An interesting fact is that in some parts of the world, the otter is used as a hunting animal.
They can corral fish in a net. Otters have quite a lot of enemies. Depending on their habitat – it maybe birds of prey, crocodiles, bears, stray dogs, wolves, and jaguars. But the main enemy is a man, he not only hunts it but also pollutes and destroys its environment.
A giant otter can reach up to 2 meters, 70 cm of which belongs to its tail. Its weight is up to 26 kg.