Almost all lizards can swim, and some of them feel great in the water environment.
Some species run very fast, jump high, or climb easily on high ground. Some species can run on two legs, including the water.
There are such lizards in the world, whose life is inseparable from the water. Earlier, we have already determined that a lizard living in water is a Marine iguana. But a lizard running in the water is a famous basilisk, which has the name of a mythical creature that our ancestors feared.
The modern lizard is called this way because its ridge resembles a standing ridge of a mythical basilisk. The basilisk is a lizard that lives in tropical regions of America, particularly in Panama, Costa Rica. In total, there are four types of these lizards.
The male cornflower has a triangular ridge on the back of its head, a transverse fold on its throat, and a leather ridge along its back. This lizard does not live in water, but lives near the water, on bushes and trees. Basilisk has a greenish color with brown and grayish inclusions. The lizard feeds on insects and small mice, which are quite funny to hunt.
The basilisk has enough prey with clawed and quite strong paws. For the sake of catching prey, it runs on the water surface on its hind legs. Its hind paws have eardrums, and rapid movements and hits on the water allow the lizard to keep on the surface. The contact between the legs and the water surface of the basilisk lizards takes several hundredths of a second.
The tail helps the lizard maintain its balance while running on water. They lower their paws to the water horizontally, without having time to break through the film of surface tension of the water. For such an original ability of basilisks often called lizards of Jesus Christ. They run on the water both in pursuit of prey and in case of danger that threatens them. It is also interesting that the lizard itself does not get wet while running, as the back paws and fingers while running capture air bubbles.
Thus, only young cornflowers can run like this, because older individuals reach a length of about half a meter, their surface tension of water simply can not stand. But it is not too upsetting for the cornflowers themselves, as they are very good swimmers. Swimming lizards with their tail like crocodiles, and paws pressed to the body to have a more streamlined shape. Hold your breath, the basilisk can be underwater for even more than half an hour.
Close-fingers and sharp claws on powerful paws allow the basilisk to climb trees perfectly, moving quickly from branch to branch. On land, this lizard moves at a fairly high speed – eleven kilometers per hour. These lizards are quite unpretentious to the conditions, so they are often turned on at home. Of course, in this case, they will not be able to demonstrate all their skills and various talents.
Often, they become victims of poachers who transport them to other countries for sale. About ninety percent of basilisks die during such transportation, and the rest live for a short time because they are kept in inappropriate conditions and lizards have various diseases. Therefore, it is important that in captivity they are kept in the right microclimate.