It is not difficult to feed the goat.
In summer there are no problems with feeds. If there is a pasture, the question of feeding, in general, disappears. Abandoned forest, an abandoned field, an abandoned flowerbed or lawn – nothing special goat is required. Sedge, acacia, and any grass go to the goat for food. In nature, goats roam the mountain slopes very poor (in terms of food). In the stabling of goats, the issue of nutrition is more complex but quite solvable. How and what to feed and feed goats in winter and summer, we will tell in this article.
Where to feed goats in the summer?
If you have a choice of pasture, it is better to graze goats where they grow:
- Sweet clover,
If the pasture is sown, it is good for goats to sow it with the following crops:
- Cat grass;
- Alopecurus pratensis,
- American Elytrigia,
- White Clover
If the soil allows, you can diversify the crops: suitable legumes, fodder cabbage, cereal grasses. The best for goats hay from sowing – from legumes. When feeding hay legumes, the amount of grain in the feed should be reduced.
The goat has a wonderful digestive system – 4 chamber stomach. It allows you to digest goat and branches, sedge, needles, and algae.
Without rough feed, the goat can not. On a day it needs at least 1 kg, and ideally 3-5 kg, branches can replace up to 30% of the rough feed.
Feeds are divided into three main species. Rough, juicy, and concentrated.
Coarse feed for goats
Rough food is the most natural for goats. After the end of vegetation of plants, goats have to content themselves with hay, twigs, straw.
Hay is stored at the beginning of flowering plants. Then it contains a maximum of its vitamin and microelement composition. Raw from dew and rain grass is dried. The most valuable is considered hay from field meadows.
You can not stock hay on city lawns and roadsides. Hay from the swamp, forests, and lowlands is no better than straw. And straw grain crops can not be replaced by hay. You can give it a maximum of a quarter or a third of the hay. And this is about spring crops straw. The straw from winter crops is even less nutritious.
In winter you can feed goats with cereals – wheat, barley, rice, oats, corn. Grind grain and add to the hay. You can mix different grains, but not more than 0.5 kg per day per head.
Barley is better suited for fattening meat breeds. Dairy goats from barley gain extra weight. As a result, the milkiness of goats is worsened, and the breeding qualities of goats are reduced. The oat is suitable only for mature goats. If it is prickly, it is poorly digested and absorbed.
Grain must not be abused. No more than 300-500 g per day for one goat. The grain is given in a dry form so that goats chew it for a long time. Goat porridge can not be digested, porridge – for animals with a single stomach.
In order not to damage the teeth of animals, cereals should be grinded.
Rough forage is also tree branches. They are given in half with hay, it is better not to give them separately, they are low nutritious. It is best to take the branches to prepare them:
Their goats eat willingly. It is good to make branches to replace hay in winter.
Juicy feed for goats
In summer, succulent food for goats – grass. In winter it is replaced by pumpkin, cabbage, carrot, beet. Juicy fodder is distinguished by its milkiness.
Root vegetables are given in raw but washed and cut. And the food goes all the root vegetables with the botanicals and roots. Raw give all the root vegetables, except potatoes. It must be boiled. And give no more than 500 g per day.
In summer, goats are given a scavenger of apples and pears. Goat apples are very fond of goats but do not give them much. They are sour. Give goats overripe cucumbers and zucchinis, as well as tomatoes, celery, and peppers. The vegetables are crushed so that the goats do not choke. Dirty vegetables need to be washed, and rotten vegetables need to be cut.
When feeding the vegetables and the heap, add chalk to them. As they are sour in themselves.
What to drink goats with?
Goats often suffer from dehydration. At the same time, they refuse to drink water. This is because in nature goats drink the purest mountain water. And their water requirements are high.
This problem can be solved easily. Make tea for them by brewing herbs.
You should start training with water for goats. They brew compotes. Orange peel, potato peel, apple peel – nothing special. Just a fragrant drink. Goats like water with smoke. Preferably heated at the stake with birch logs. Yes, although goats are unpretentious, they can be quite capricious.
The tea temperature in winter should be not less than 45ºС. Goats will not drink cold tea. One goat needs up to 6 liters of water per day.