The Rottweiler is a breed around which there are many rumors.
Some will say that these dogs are uncontrollable, but most owners claim that Rottweilers become reliable friends and guards. The breed standard has changed several times over the past century alone, with the constant refinement of requirements regarding pigmentation, movement, and eye color of the dogs. The modern Rottweiler has a height of 60-66 centimeters at the withers and belongs to the Molosser group. The temperament is friendly, obedient, efficient, but also fearless.
The dog has a medium-length skull, with a moderate convexity in the forehead area and a pronounced transition from the muzzle to the forehead. The nose is straight, with a broad black lobe and large nostrils. The lips are tight, the pigmentation of the gums is dark. The jaws are strong, and the bite is full-toothed. The Rottweiler’s eyes are almond-shaped, medium-sized, with well-fitting eyelids, the color of the eyes is dark brown. The ears are floppy, triangular in shape, set high.
The dog’s neck is muscular, powerful, of medium length, without hanging or dangling skin folds on the throat. The back is strong, the loin is short but powerful. The croup is wide, the chest is deep, the tail is cropped short (to 1-2 vertebrae), there are countries where cropping is forbidden, so the tail remains of natural length. The limbs of the dog are straight, with good shoulders, powerful metacarpals, and rounded feet with black claws and hard pads. Rottweilers move at a trot, their back should remain almost still and their movements should be strong and confident.
If the dog is alert, the skin on the forehead may fold into slight waves. The coat is straight, there are an undercoat and a covering hair. The coat is coarsely textured and of medium length, the covering hair is slightly longer on the hind legs. Color should be black with red-brown tan on muzzle, cheeks, chest, limbs, at the base of the tail, and under the eyes. Deviations from the standard are considered a violation of the color, high-legged dog, poorly developed muscles or bone, the presence in the appearance of the pronounced features of a greyhound dog. A dog is disqualified if it has poor sexual characteristics, cowardly or too nervous behavior, discordant or yellow eyes, malocclusion, missing teeth, too long and wavy hair.
The Rottweiler is a very hard working and resilient breed, they are great protectors and guards, but they are usually loyal to only one master. These dogs are very popular, they have a pronounced guarding instinct, they are fearless and brave, and sometimes these qualities can be used for evil. Not without reason during dog fights a lot of owners exhibited Rottweilers, knowing their temperament. Rottweiler – this is not the best choice for beginners, you should know that leniency, which is present in the education of a small terrier, is absolutely unacceptable in the training of such a large dog.
Rottweilers should be socialized as early as possible, as untrained individuals can be a threat. At 7-10 months of age, the dog’s character is formed, and it’s at this point the owner should direct the dog’s behavior in the right direction to avoid problems – to eliminate excessive aggression towards other dogs, and to teach them to treat all family members well. As for the attitude of Rottweilers, consciously with a good upbringing, they will not harm children, but such a large dog is too strong to participate in children’s games, so it is desirable that the children were already grown up, and the size of the living space allowed the Rottweiler to lead an active lifestyle.
Although they’re smart, they can also be willful and determined, so you’ll need a trainer who’s not just tough but also determined, because every dog is a responsibility, so it’s up to you what kind of dog you’ll get. It’s a dog for strong-willed and strong-minded people who can train and manage it. At the same time Rottweiler is no stranger to tenderness and caress, so do not be stingy with tenderness and caress, the dog will demand your attention very persistently so that the owners will have to honorably withstand its welcoming attack. Their owners’ greeting is a mixture of growling, wheezing, and sighing, followed by the animal putting its front paws on its owner’s chest and licking him from top to toe–the most sincere expression of affection a Rottweiler can offer.
Rottweilers are always ready to serve, they feel the change of mood of their owners and will always try to comfort them. They are unmistakable guesses sympathetic to the owner and can sometimes even be jealous. The Rottweiler can be a reliable guardian, a companion, and a loyal friend. They learn quickly, but require regular training and discipline and need regular exercise. Rottweilers often treat strangers negatively and have a guarding instinct, so you should socialize them in advance. With the right approach, these animals become loving and affectionate pets who, if necessary, are always ready to breastfeed for the protection of the family.
History of the Rottweiler breed
The homeland of the modern Rottweilers (or as they are also called Rottweiler Metzgerhund) is Germany. It is believed that the ancestors of these dogs are ancient mastiffs, which were taken to hunt wild boars. Other scientists believe that Molosser Dane also played a role in the formation of the breed.
Roman paintings and mosaics dating back to 180 AD found images of dogs very similar to Rottweilers. The ancestors of Rottweilers likely came to Europe with the Roman legions. This breed is quite old: according to preliminary calculations, it is more than 2 thousand years old. The information about the ancestors of Rottweilers is imprecise and contradictory, initially, they were used for the protection of cattle, later Rottweilers began to be used for protection of property of cattle dealers and butchers, for what to this animal the nickname “the dog of the butcher” was given. Many owners so trusted their pets that before going to the pub to celebrate a good deal, they would slip a purse of gold coins around the dog’s neck, and no one would dare try to rob the dog of its coin, knowing the animal’s strength and fighting qualities.
The breed was named after a town in southern Germany, the Rottweil, where cattle were often sold. Dogs harnessed to a cart were able to transport goods and guard them. The final formation of the breed occurred in the 19th and 20th centuries, the standard being rewritten several times. In the early 20th century the Rottweiler was nowhere known except in Germany, in the 30s the dogs were brought to Great Britain, Austria, America, and Switzerland. Official recognition in the United States the breed has received in 1935, in the UK – a year later, now there are kennels of these dogs in many countries.
Interesting facts about the Rottweiler:
- The first club of fans of this breed was established in Germany in 1901;
- During the First World War, when other countries did not even know about the existence of this breed, Rottweilers already served successfully in the German army;
- Modern cynologists believe that among the Rottweiler’s ancestors were Bavarian gurst dogs and Italian molosses;
- These dogs can be watchdogs, bodyguards, companions, serve in the police and army;
- Rottweilers have a life expectancy of 9-11 years.
Celebrities and their Rottweilers
About the “star” owners of Rottweilers not much is known, many celebrities prefer indoor and small companion dogs, but there are also fans of Rottweilers. For example, in the house of actor Will Smith there live four Rottweilers, and all members of the actor’s family adore these dogs. Also, the Rottweiler is one of five dogs Ben Affleck, Yury Shatunov also lives with the Rottweiler.
How to give a nickname for a Rottweiler?
When choosing a name for a Rottweiler, it is worth taking into account the origin and personality of the dog. You will agree, to call a 45-kilogram hulk Buttercup or Fifa at least ridiculous. Since homeland is Germany, it makes sense to pay attention to German names – Adele, Ada, Gretel, Edel, Frau for girls, and Dustin, Lord, Ziggy, Oscar – for boys. You can call a Rottweiler a short, but sonorous name, for example, for bitches suit the names of Trudy, Desi, Darla, Astrid, Gabi, Gerta, Dora, Betty, Daphne, Lanie, Hera, and others. For male dogs: Flint, Caesar, Tank, Aldo, Blitz, Garrett, Roxy, Colin, Prince, Argos, and others.
Rottweiler care rules
Even though Rottweilers are a short-haired breed, their hair should be brushed thoroughly. It is advisable to do this daily during or after a walk, using a special mitt. If you find scratches or wounds on the dog’s body, it is necessary to treat them with peroxide or iodine. It is not necessary to bathe the Rottweiler often, after a walk it is enough to wash and wipe the paws of the animal living in the apartment. It is worth knowing that Rottweilers do not tolerate the heat too well, if the house is hot, the dog will start shedding.
Regularly trim your dog’s claws, clean his ears with a special solution and absorbent cotton pad. Pay special attention to your dog’s teeth – they often have a yellow plaque that can be removed with tooth powder, and make sure that your Rottweiler’s diet is solid food that he can eat to remove the plaque. The food should be plentiful and fresh, at first, the ration is made by a specialist, so it is advisable to stick to it, give the dog mineral and vitamin supplements.
If the Rottweiler is kept in an enclosure, it is enough to take it out for a long walk once a day, dogs living in an apartment need considerable physical activity. It is worth remembering that the training must be engaged in a strong-willed and strong person, training begins when the puppy is a few months old, hard and constant strain gives when the Rottweiler 7-8 months.