To prevent various diseases in guinea pigs cells need to be cleaned and disinfected.
If the owner does not pay due attention to these two main preventive measures, the animals will often get sick, and their hair will quickly lose its inherent shine.
It should be remembered that disinfection measures only lead to success when they are preceded by thorough cleaning of the room where the animals are kept. The purpose of cleaning is to remove all organic and inorganic residues in the cage where guinea pigs live.
Specialists distinguish between 3 layers of mud:
– structural particles of mud;
– mud cover;
– adhesive mud.
During the general cleaning it is necessary to take all the equipment out of the cage and rinse it thoroughly in a soap solution, then rinse with clean water and treat with boiling water or disinfectant.
Cleaning allows you to get rid of the first two layers of dirt and allows the disinfectant to destroy infectious agents.
Before starting guinea pigs, it is necessary to learn how to properly organize the life of the pets, so that the cage maintained natural hygiene, which is an indispensable guarantee of good health and excellent health of rodents.
Daily activities to care for guinea pigs are cleaning the cage and washing equipment. If the bedding in the cage is made of a special paper, which is sold in pet stores, it is enough to change it once in 2-3 days. Specialists do not recommend using newspaper paper containing a lot of printing ink harmful for the animals as bedding.
In the cage, where live long-haired guinea pigs, it is recommended to change the bedding daily.
Do not forget that if the bedding in the cage with guinea pigs gets wet, it increases the probability of colds in rodents. Therefore, it is best to use bedding with high absorption capacity and daily remove its wet areas.
The chips are replaced with fresh ones during the general cleaning. After each feeding it is necessary to wash the feeders thoroughly, removing the remains of perishable food not eaten by the pets. Spoiled foods can cause diarrhea or even severe poisoning in guinea pigs.
If the guinea pigs are tamed, it is best to let them out for a walk while they are being cleaned. If, however, they are still adapting to the new conditions, it is advisable to transplant them into a transport cage or cardboard box.
Especially quickly wither the greens and spoil fruits, berries, and vegetables. I give fresh food and water to the guinea pigs daily. General cleaning of the cage is enough to produce once in 5 days. During it, in addition to such activities as washing the entire cage and equipment, you should completely replace the bedding. It is best to use for this purpose the bedding material in the form of chips, bought in the pet store, intended for small animals. Peat should not be used as bedding, as its smallest particles can contribute to the formation of granules in light guinea pigs. Wet peat will stick to animal hair.
During the general cleaning, you can let your pets out for a walk around the room.
Before replacing the bedding, you should thoroughly wash the cell with cleaning or disinfectant (you can also use a vinegar essence) and then rinse well with clean water. When the cell has dried out, you can put new bedding on it.
During the general cleaning, it is necessary to clean all available shelves and roofs of sleeping cabins from the dry lumps of feces with a small brush. If the animals got dirty with excrement from the boards or branches, they should be washed with hot water and soap, disinfected, and then rinsed with clean water and dried.
Cells and equipment can be disinfected with chlorine lime or other disinfectants.
Animal hairs stuck to the grid of the cages can be easily removed with a wet cloth.
Before you can disinfect the guinea pig room, you need to do dry and then wet cleaning. After wet cleaning, all surfaces as well as equipment must dry out, because water can reduce the concentration of the disinfectant and also cause undesirable chemical reactions.
It should be noted that for the treatment of cells, their equipment and inventory can not be used strong chemicals. Such drugs are used only as a last resort, for example, in the detection of parasites.
After treatment with a disinfectant solution, the cell should be thoroughly washed with clean water.