The French Bulldog is a fun, smart, and funny dog that has taken its confidence and calmness from the English Bulldog and its fighting qualities from the American Bulldog.
If you want to have a small but sturdy dog that will be both a good-natured pet and a reliable defender – choose the French Bulldog.
French Bulldog Breed Standard
French bulldogs belong to the group of fighting dogs of small stature. They have a very distinctive head shape – wide, large, almost square in shape. The skin covering the muzzle forms symmetrical folds, the nasal part of the skull is shortened, so the head is not elongated and almost flat. The forehead is very convex, with prominent brow arches, and the occipital tubercle is poorly developed. The well-pronounced transition from forehead to muzzle. The nose is black, wide, with symmetrical nostrils. The bulldog’s jaws are powerful, square in shape, with the lower one resembling a smooth arc in shape. The upper lip must necessarily converge with the lower lip and cover the teeth.
The dog’s eyes are planted low, they are dark and large, slightly convex, the inner eyelid is colored black. The ears taper towards the end, set high, standing upright. The dog’s neck is short, and no skin folds should be present under the throat.
The back of the French bulldog is muscular and wide, the rump is short, and the thorax is barrel-like in shape. The tail is short, knotty, or fractured, tapering toward the end. Even if the dog does not move, the tail should remain below the level of the back. The limbs are straight and the paws are rounded, resembling the shape of a cat. The bulldog’s toes should be closed, and the claws are short and dark in color. The hind limbs are slightly longer than the front, they are also muscular and strong. Pendulous toes are not allowed.
As for the coat, it should be shiny, thick, smooth, and short. Shades range from fawn to tiger, with white spots allowed. Purely white dogs are also allowed. The weight of the dog should range from 8-14 kg, the bulldog’s body should be proportional.
Any deviation from the standard is considered a disadvantage. The animal is disqualified if its eyes are different colors, the nose lobe is not black, the bite is incorrect, if fangs are visible when the mouth is closed, the bulldog has a brown, black, or mouse color, the ears are floppy.
The character of the French Bulldog
French bulldogs are wonderful pets, although they are not too good for a family with small children. If you decide to have a French bulldog, it is better to wait until the children are 5-6 years old, and they can be explained that the dog is not a toy. Representatives of this breed like to be the only pet in the house, but if they grow up with other animals from childhood, they will not harm them in any way.
The Bulldog can easily adapt to any environment, it is a contact dog that will seek the company of family members on its own. It can play with a child, watch the owner, or just lie with you in front of the TV. French bulldogs are true psychologists, they are very sensitive to people and oriented in the situation. They will protect their owners from strangers and defend their territory if a person is unpleasant to them. The little bulldog is fearless, he embodies all the qualities inherent in fighting dogs. It is very difficult to stop him if he rushes into battle or grabs the enemy. When going for a walk with the bulldog, be sure to keep him on a leash and stop him from fighting with other dogs.
French bulldogs quickly become attached to people, making it very difficult for the dog to adjust to a new owner as he matures. Treat the pet with responsibility, because this little protector will become a true friend to you. The exercise requirements of these dogs are minimal, so it’s a great option for the elderly and apartment living.
History of the French Bulldog breed
As the past of many dog breeds, the origins of the French Bulldog are not known for certain. It is quite a young breed, but no data on its origins has survived. Scientists put forward several versions of the origin of the French bulldog. Some believe that the ancestors of this breed are the Alans, the bulldogs who lived in Spain in the Middle Ages. These short-faced dogs were first considered guards, and then they began to be offered for bullfighting. Many fights were held in the city of Burgos, where the dogs, similar to the modern French bulldogs with standing ears, took part. George Crile, a cynologist, has concluded based on some documents that the ancestors of the French bulldogs lived in Spain. Scientists have found a bronze plate, dated 1625, which depicted dogs resembling French bulldogs.
There is also a theory that French bulldogs are descended from Old English bulldogs. This breed of fighting dog was bred by interbreeding with the Molosser Dane, which was brought to Great Britain. The Bulldogs were brought to France only in the 19th century when England was in a serious crisis. The French fell in love with the Bulldog and established kennels here, where the further development of the breed took place. Some cynologists claim that the English bulldogs were crossed with pugs, terriers, and Burgos dogs. Unfortunately, no documents have survived that reflect the work of the French breeders of the time.
The breed acquired its final appearance in the 1880s. The appearance of these dogs was not to the liking of the aristocrats, so the Bulldogs could be seen more often on the working suburbs. Only in the early 20th century did the breed become popular in bohemian circles. In 1880, the first club of fans of the breed appeared in Paris. In 1885 the French Bulldog was first introduced at an exhibition, and in 1898 the standard was developed and the French Bulldog was recognized as an independent breed. At the end of the 19th century, the breeding of these animals was taken up by the cynologists of the USA and England. In Russia, the French bulldogs were brought only in the 20th century and could be kept only by the famous and noble people. Gradually kennels appeared in different cities and now the French bulldog is a favorite of many families.
Interesting Facts about the French Bulldog
- The French bulldog is one of the breeds that are ideal even for cramped apartments;
- Baby bulldogs have one funny drawback – they snore;
- Despite their severe appearance, the French bulldog has an affectionate and calm character, they will gladly trade long walks for a family evening;
- French bulldogs are unsurpassed rat-catchers and fighters;
- If the bulldog gets into a fight it is almost impossible to get him away from his rival, even if your pet is significantly smaller in size – he will not be afraid.
Choosing a Nickname for the French Bulldog
The French bulldog has a strong character and an outstanding mind, so choose his name carefully. An interesting option would be the French names, they should be melodious and not too long. For example, for male dogs, the names Armand, Archer, Aramis, Bruno, Boni, Dart, Hector, Julien, Ethan, Norris, Orion, Snoopy, Twinkle, Frank, and others will do. Names for bitches: Irma, Adele, Aurora, Gloris, Grace, Daphne, Josie, Lyme, Nora, Rhonda, Silva, Tracy, Yumi, Cherry, and others.
Celebrities and French Bulldogs
Back in the early 20th century, many celebrities fell in love with the French bulldogs, such as Vladimir Mayakovsky, Fyodor Chaliapin, Boris Kustodiev. Among the modern stars who have dogs of this breed as their pets, we should mention Yves Saint Laurent, Leonardo DiCaprio, Elton John. Also, French bulldogs live with Sergei Zhigunov, Raisa Ryazanova, Dmitry Nagiev, Marilyn Manson, Malcolm McDowell.
Peculiarities of maintenance and care of the French bulldog
The French bulldog just loves to be in the center of attention, and the owner should be ready for that. The fur of this breed of dog requires almost no maintenance, French bulldogs hardly shed and have no characteristic odor. The little puppies are very useful for a massage with a soft brush. By the way, the coat is an indicator of how well your pet is doing. If his coat has faded, it’s time to look into what he’s missing in his diet.
Frenchies need an infrequent bath, as they love water, but they need to be introduced to it from an early age to prevent bathing from turning into a punishment. Examine his ears and eyes closed. Every two weeks his ears should be cleaned and his eyes every day with a cotton swab dipped in water. Also remember that dogs of this breed have rather brittle teeth, which wear down quickly, so don’t feed them bones too often. Chews and dry food will be helpful. From time to time, the French bulldog should have its claws trimmed with a claw trimmer.
As for the diet, it should be balanced. Do not overfeed your pet, otherwise, it will quickly become overweight, which will cause many diseases. As for walks, the French bulldog does not require long jogs or motions, try not to walk them in very hot weather, since these dogs have a peculiar skull and nose structure that can lead to breathing problems.
The French Bulldog is one of the top 10 most beautiful dog breeds.