Amazing seahorses are almost the most unusual inhabitants of the water column.
Although from the zoological point of view, they belong to fish, they look really amazing, and their behavior is quite different from most other fish. Unfortunately, due to pollution of the World Ocean, their population in many regions of our planet is gradually declining. We present to you seahorse fun facts.
Interesting facts about seahorses
- In China, these sea creatures are eagerly eaten. According to official data, every year, Chinese fishermen catch more than 20 million seahorses, but in fact, this number is much higher due to poaching.
- On average, only 1 out of 100 seahorses live to a mature age. The rest become prey for other fish.
- They move very slowly by themselves, so sometimes they cling to other fish and travel in this way. Once in the right place, they unhook and leave their “transport”.
- Currently, 30 of the 32 existing species of seahorses on Earth are in danger of extinction. The pollution of the world’s oceans causes them even more damage than poaching.
- It is not a female who carries offspring, but a male. Fertilized eggs are in a special “pocket” on his body until small but viable fry hatch.
- Immediately after birth, the fry immediately leaves the parent forever.
- For normal existence, seahorses need calm and clear water, so most of their life they slowly drift in the water column. And the rocking, for example, in a transported aquarium, can kill them.
- It is not easy to breed these amazing creatures in artificial conditions. Moving to a new place causes them severe stress, which often leads to a hunger strike and subsequent death from exhaustion.
- The seahorses’ menu is based on small shrimps and crayfishes. Yes, all their species without exception are predators. Since they are very slow, they are usually at rest until the potential prey is within a throw distance.
- Loyalty to the partner seahorses remains forever. Having found a pair, they are no longer separated. In this case, the female always chooses a male, not vice versa.
- Due to a lack of stomach seahorses are doomed to eat all their life. Immediately after catching the prey, the useful substances contained in it are absorbed, and waste is removed.
- Remarkable and dorsal fin seahorses – a second it makes an average of 30 movements.
- Dwarf seahorses are the slowest fish in the world. In calm water, they move at a speed of up to one and a half to two meters per hour.
- These creatures are characterized by mimicry. Changing the color of their bodies, they pursue two goals at once – hiding from both predators and their potential prey.
- Despite the different appearance of these creatures, seahorses and fish have needles long ago, millions of years ago, had a common ancestor.
- Seahorses are not able to counteract anything to the predators, because they can not defend themselves. All they have is thorns covering their bodies.
- These amazing creatures are found only in warm water. In cold water, they die quickly.
- Powders and potions from seahorses have a prominent place in traditional Chinese medicine. It is believed that they help strengthen male strength.
- Seahorses got their name because of the visual similarity with the chess piece “horse”.
- The body length of adult dwarf seahorses usually does not exceed 2 centimeters. Representatives of the largest species sometimes grow to 30 centimeters.
Interesting Facts About Seahorses
Many people have heard about the funny little smacking noises of seahorses. These animals are solitary and are known for their smacking sounds, which are actually made by their mouths. You can even hear them while you’re snorkeling, and divers can attest to this. Unlike most fish, these creatures have no teeth and suck up their food through their schnozzles. They also have no stomach, so the nutrients in their food pass right through them. This means they can graze all day and have their babies at the end of it.
Despite their adorable looks, seahorses are actually quite unique. They are found in both temperate and tropical oceans and are the only fish that has fins. Their names have roots in the Greek word ‘hippocampus’ and are derived from the word ‘hippocampus.’ These creatures are very docile and do not seek out a mate. They mate for life and do not look for new partners until the first one dies. Moreover, female seahorses can begin to produce eggs immediately after mating, and males can be impatient with females that are still pregnant. Lastly, seahorses have few predators and live in a very peaceful environment.
Seahorses can be easily recognized by their elongated tails. Their abdominal area is smooth and has a pouch where eggs are laid. Female seahorses, on the other hand, have pointed tails and a rough stomach. Despite their size and appearance, all seahorses share the same internal skeleton. They have an elongated mouth and curly tail. The males do not reproduce by molting.
As you can see, seahorses are not very docile, but they can survive in cold climates like the UK. Although they have a unique body shape, their numbers have suffered due to water pollution. The UK is currently the largest source of water pollution in the world, and some conservationists are actively trying to protect the underwater environment in Bali. It is important to keep in mind that these animals are endangered and need protection from humans.
Apart from their slick tails, seahorses also have an unusual mating ritual. This ritual involves dancing with a prospective mate for eight hours. They are monogamous and have long, curly tails, but they are not as graceful as horses. In fact, they look nothing like fish and are not classified as marine animals. They are fish and are not related to horses. So, their naming is quite apt, but it is still worth learning facts about seahorses.
As you can see, seahorses live in a tropical environment and are not related to real horses. Their unique curved bodies and crowns make them interesting to watch. Their eyesight is quite good. And they are known to have a limited lifespan. This makes them extremely endangered, but they are still considered a great addition to the ecosystem. You can learn more about these fascinating creatures by visiting the Aquarium. They are the most common species of fish in the world.
These creatures are considered bony fish, but they don’t have scales. They do not have teeth or stomachs. They move with the help of two types of fins and can eat up to 50 times a day. They’re not related to real horses, but they do look similar. Interestingly, they’re not related to humans. But they can swim, which makes them attractive prey for smaller animals.
Their small mouths mean that they can’t swim very fast, so their size is small. They feed on zooplankton and shrimp. The long-snouted species also eat fish eggs and crustacean larvae. They are solitary creatures, but their snout is not. While they are not related to humans, they have the same diets as their cousins.
Male seahorses are the only members of the family that give birth to the young. Their sex organs, known as brood sacs, are located in the abdomen. While males produce a female seahorse that can’t reproduce on their own, females deposit their eggs in their male pouches. Once a female is pregnant, they can carry an egg in their ovipositor.