Not to find among insects more perfect in the organization of life and more useful than honey bees.
In this article, we will consider habitat for honey bees. They have the most developed instinct to continue their kind. This leads to the unification of bees in the family, the construction of honeycombs for oviposition, the accumulation of food stocks, and feeding of offspring. In honeycombs, bees contain numerous larvae, each of which provides food appropriate to its sex and age, heated, and supplied with fresh air. Individual approach to larvae education allows a bee family to grow a new Queen bee in 16 days, a worker bee in 20-21, and a drone in 24 days.
Queen bee in a bee family only one, she lives up to 6 years, longer than other family members. Under normal conditions, the life of the queen bee ends in a hive of natural death. When a new queen bee is due, it makes a croaking sound, to which the departing queen bee replies with a squeak. Excitement occurs in the hive, some bees gather around the old queen bee, others guard the newly appeared queen bee, and finally, the queen bee with its faithful bees leaves the hive. The bees are swarming (it’s time for May-June): in the morning a swarm of bees usually leaves the hive with the old queen bee, in the afternoon – with the young one. The bees that left their nest will soon return to the hive and then will not leave it until the old queen bee is replaced by a young one. The swarm can now leave again only with a young unfertilized queen bee. It will take about a week. The process of replacing the old queen bee takes one and a half months.
Drones are needed by swarming families only for the fertilization of young mothers, they do not bring other benefits. Most of the year (winter, spring, and autumn) the bee house resembles a nunnery; at this time only females – worker bees and their progenitor (queen bee) – live and work there. As a rule, there are no drones. Some of them die in swarms mating with young queen bees, while others are driven out of hives by bees themselves soon after the main medical examination.
Bees have an extraordinary ability to extract nectar in nature and produce valuable products. They play an equally important role in increasing the yield of forage, technical, vegetable crops, fruit, and berry plantations. Flying from flower to flower, they carry the pollen of wild and cultivated plants, thus doing a valuable and indispensable job – pollination. How big is this side of the bee’s activity, these examples show. To collect 1 kg of honey, bees must visit at least 150 thousand heads of clover, 1.5 million buckwheat flowers, 2 million white acacia flowers. Thus, for the season the average strength and productivity of a bee family treat about half a billion flowers of various plant species in need of fertilization.
Location of the apiary
Long gone are the times when you could get a lot of honey in one place. However, even then, enterprising beekeepers were looking for the most honey plants and moved bees closer to them to collect more honey. Nomad is an old, proven way to increase apiary income. It increases the collection of honey, reduces the harmful effects of adverse weather, and helps grow strong families.
First, they look for an array of honey, determine the state of vegetation, the possible timing of its flowering. If we were able to find two relatively equal reserves of nectar, preference is given to the one where the soil is more fertile, hilly terrain. Where the soil is well moistened, nectar flowering can be much more intense. Here the plants will last longer flowering and the collection of honey will be more stable. It is important that in addition to the main source of honey nearby are side honey. Sometimes it happens that the main honey is given little or no nectar, and bees will work on spare honey.
The apiary should not be placed between previously supplied hives and honeycomb on the so-called flight of bees. Flying through the apiary, which is closer to the honeycomb, bees of the remote apiary settle on it, which leads to conflict situations. There should be no apiary interceptors. It is very important to prepare the bees well for transportation so as not to kill them on the way.