An elephant is the largest land mammal on our planet.
Elephants belong to the trunk group. Elephants use their trunk to drink, shower, and use their hands instead. The trunk also helps to communicate with each other by making sounds. Elephants live in rainforests and savannahs. Scientists have included them in the Red Book because elephant tusks are valuable for poachers.
When asked how much does an elephant weight, one should not forget that an elephant eats for 16 hours a day. During this time he eats half a ton of plant food and half as much water. Therefore, you should consider the weight of a hungry or fed elephant. It should also be remembered that juveniles eat and drink half as much.
There are several elephant species in the world, differing in weight and habitat. Let’s take a closer look.
What is the African elephant’s weight?
Scientists have recognized two species of African elephants – savannah and forest elephants. Perhaps soon, a third species will be recognized, the East African elephant. Half a million individuals are divided as follows: one quarter forest elephant and three quarters savannah elephant.
The forest elephant is the smallest member of the family. The elephant is up to two and a half meters tall. Its weight is in kilograms of 2500 or 2.5 tonnes (5511 pounds).
The shroud elephant, on the other hand, is considered the largest animal in the world. An adult male weighs 5 tons on average. At the same time, the weight of different representatives varies from 4 to 7 tons. Heights range from 2.5 to 3.5 meters. The female weighs a little less – from 3 to 4.
Many believe that African elephants are descended from mammoths. But these families of trunk elephants are related. The mammoths weighed more – from 10 to 12 tons and reached a height of 5 meters. So mammoths were twice as big as modern elephants.
What is the Indian elephant’s weight?
An Indian or Asian elephant is the second-largest animal living on land, after a savannah elephant. Despite this, the weight of an Indian elephant is just as astounding, averaging 5-6 tonnes. The female weighs 3 tons (6613 pounds).
Asian elephants in the wild are found in India, Bhutan, Cambodia, the islands of Sri Lanka and Sumatra, and some other places in Southeast Asia.
These elephants spend 20 hours a day searching for and eating plant food. In doing so, an adult elephant eats 150-300 kilograms of grass, bamboo, and other vegetation per day.
Indian elephants are easier to tame. In circuses and zoos, this species is found. Interestingly, the life expectancy of these elephants in captivity is 80 years, and in the wild – 60, 70 years maximum.
The number of Asian elephants is approaching a critical 25,000.
What is the elephant’s weight at birth?
Elephant cubs immediately after birth are very vulnerable and often become prey to lions. It is not always possible for a giant to repel its offspring from predators. The weight of a newborn elephant ranges from 80 to 140 kilos (176-308 pounds). It has long been under the care of a vigilant mother.
Only by the age of ten does the elephant gain the weight and size that makes it invulnerable to predators. The final formation of these animals occurs at the age of 20.
The heaviest elephant in the world
The heaviest elephant in the world was seen in the nineteenth century in Angola. The weight of the elephant seen by his contemporaries in the city of Mucusso was 12.2 tons.
The world’s largest elephant lives in an Israeli zoo. The elephant’s name is Yosi and he’s in his early 30s. Of the elephants living in captivity, he is recognized as the tallest – his height reaches 3.7 meters and, as the zoo staff says, hardly squeezes through the gates. Yosi’s weight has reached 6 tons. The trunk is 2.5 meters long and the tail is one meter long. Yoshie gave birth to 19 elephants during his lifetime.
Interesting facts about elephants
- Among elephants there are left-handed and right-handed, it depends on what tusks they use more often. That’s why tusks are always of different sizes because one of them wears out faster.
- Elephants live in families headed by one old and experienced elephant. Male elephants live on their own.
- The elephant has a couple of days a year to conceive. The rest of the time, conception is impossible.
- If there is hunger and there isn’t enough food for the herd, the elephants live alone, extracting their food.
- The elephant does not give birth alone, the other elephant helps to deliver the baby and takes the elephant so that its mother does not crush or trample it.
- The elephant’s milk is fat, reaching 11%.
- The elephant trunk starts 500 muscles.
- Newborn elephants can’t control the trunk for up to two years.
- In search of food, the elephant spends 15-20 hours a day.
- In a day, an adult elephant eats up to 450 kg of plants and drinks up to 300 liters of water.
- Elephants differ in their loyalty.
- Elephants know how to rejoice, have fun, laugh, be sad, and empathize.
- If an elephant from a herd is ill, he is cared for by healthy congeners, bringing food and water.
- Only elephants bury a dead congener. They observe this ritual as follows: first, they trumpet the body in the trunk and then bury it with earth, branches, and grass.
- Elephants can hear through their legs, catching a signal, 50 km from another elephant.
- Elephants live on average 70 years.
- The elephant’s brain weighs 5 kg and his heart weighs up to 30 kg.
- Elephants are born without tusks, then grow milk tusks, and only then constant.
- An elephant’s tooth weighs 3 kg.
- The size of an African elephant’s penis reaches 2 meters!
- An elephant pumps out 130 kg of excrement a day.
- Elephants can’t see well, but their sense of smell helps them to navigate.
- If an elephant finds an elephant who has lost his family, he will adopt him and will not leave him in trouble.
- 600 people die from elephants in one year.
- Elephants sleep 3 hours a day and snore.
- African elephants can’t be trained. Only an Indian elephant can be tamed.
- An elephant dies when its teeth wear out to such an extent that it cannot chew its food.
- Elephants use their ears to cool down, using them as a fan.
- The ears have veins that create an individual pattern for each elephant. It’s like a man’s fingerprint.
- When swimming, an elephant uses his trunk as a tube for breathing.
- The elephant is carrying a baby for 22 months. An elephant brings in up to nine babies in a lifetime.
- The thickest layer of skin the elephant reaches 4 centimeters.
- Elephants have an excellent memory. Even after many years, they can take revenge on the abuser. Elephants also remember the paths of other elephants.
- An elephant holds 7.5 liters of water in its trunk.
- Elephants can’t jump or run. When walking fast, the elephant can reach speeds of 40 km/h.
- Only an elephant among animals stands on his head.
- Elephants are unpredictable animals, they can attack for no reason.
- September 22 is the International Elephant Protection Day.