Today, parrots can be found in every corner of our planet.
They say that the homeland for all species is in Australia, although these birds are common on all continents, not including Antarctica and Europe. Traveling in South and Central America, India, Southeast Asia, West Africa, and Australia, you have the opportunity to see how incredibly beautiful and smart parrots can be. But, of course, to admire the birds in their natural habitat, you do not need to pack your bags – thanks to technical progress, every person has the opportunity to plunge into the world of parrots.
Parrots prefer to live in a subtropical and tropical climate, so the southern hemisphere is the best region for these birds:
As the light shades on the map change to darker ones, we can conclude that the largest variety of parrot species lives in South America and Australia:
There are more than 370 species of these stunning birds around the world.
Where the parrots live according to their families will be well shown on the world map with pointers to specific bird species:
Parrots are mainly held in packs and groups, by their nature – these are monogamous birds, which, when favorable conditions arise, are paired, creating housing using the hollows of eucalyptus trees, swarms of burrows or living in clefts of rocks. Birds have time to grow a new generation of parrots, as soon as the weather allows them to engage in carefree marriage games and nutritious food for the whole family.
Unusual habitat of parrots
Cities and farms are gradually taking over the native territories of parrots, and they are forced to either adapt or look for a more suitable place to live.
In some metropolitan areas, birds have to fight for each tree and expand their food preferences, which in turn adversely affects their health and life expectancy. Given that in nature, for example, such a species as Macaws, in offspring have only two chicks, and since most often only one baby survives, in the presence of unusual extreme conditions of survival, the population of this species of birds is at risk of extinction.
In case of successful adaptation of the bird is unusual for its conditions or in a foreign climate, the losses can be borne by humans. Parrots, like locusts, can sweep away on their way the fruits and crops they like. After all, the life of entire populations is at stake. Therefore, an attempt to adapt birds to new conditions of existence often ends pitifully for people and birds: in search of water and food, parrots make raids on agricultural land, which cause damage to farmers, and those, in turn, develop methods of control of new pests.
In America, there are more than 13 species of parrots in California, and the climate of this country is perfect for them, although it is not their home. In Germany, in Stuttgart live about half a hundred parrots of Amazons, which carry an unusual winter with temperatures down to -6 degrees. In the North of England for several decades there is a nursery of red-tailed Macaws, birds live in freedom, but thanks to competent care, they try to keep one territory.
Since the parrots have learned to survive in urban conditions, their population in the wild has decreased dramatically.
Where do Budgerigar parrots live?
The homeland of wavy parrots is certainly Australia, a continent with difficult living conditions for these curious and cheerful birds. Here flocks of Budgerigar parrots can be found almost all over the continent except the south-west and northeast, where the Cape York peninsula with its enclosed tropical forests is located.
The habitats of the Budgerigar parrots are areas covered with bushes, grassy plains, eucalyptus forests, and mountain ranges, as well as areas near streams, which dry up depending on the season. For this reason, birds lead a nomadic way of life, they are real masters of survival in extreme conditions.
When there is no rainfall for a long time, thirst and hunger push birds on long flights, sometimes parrots overcome very impressive distances until they meet a temporary pond, where birds immediately develop and restore their population.
After the first heavy rains, the parrots choose the area near the river or brook, which appeared due to downpours and for a while making nests. In the hollows of trunks and thick branches of eucalyptus trees, a couple of parrots breed. Having nearby food, water, and shelter. Colonies of wavy parrots are trying to make up for as many as possible because losses during a drought can be very impressive. If the rains continue, the parrots can lay eggs several more times.
In Australia, where wavy parrots live, in addition to difficult climatic conditions, there is a threat from birds of prey and animals, so the parrots are very hardy and smart, in nature weak and scattered – do not survive. Birds always try to keep the colonies or flocks, and during the nesting period, they become neighbors to ensure maximum protection and peace of mind.
Habitat of Macaws parrots
The native land of the Macaws Parrots is the tropical forests of Central and South America, as well as the Caribbean islands. But some populations have lost the opportunity to live in their home territory due to the increase in human habitats. Many species of these beautiful and bright creatures have been destroyed by humans in a few decades.
The trade-in exotic birds, the value of their plumage, and the destruction of their habitat have led to the creation of nature reserves and nurseries in some countries today to breed rare Macaws parrots and preserve all their remaining species.
In Mexico, a nursery for the red Macaws and other rare species of parrots has been established. A group of people raise chicks and prepare them for life in the wild; people are trying to save this species from extinction in their country.
Hyacinth Macaws belong to an endangered species. Most of these parrots live in huge swampy expanses; the rest are scattered all over Brazil, Bolivia, and Paraguay. In nature, they have disappeared from many previously occupied territories.
Females and males of adult Macaws parrots do not differ in the color of their plumage from their chicks. You can determine the sex of the bird by blood tests, DNA (this requires a fresh, not dropped out of the feather), or a swab from a cloaca, but externally it is almost impossible to find differences between individuals. The most accurate analysis is carried out with an endoscope, at this point the bird is under anesthesia.
Parrots of Macaws live in large flocks, but certain species prefer, having chosen a partner, to live with him all his life away from the other pairs. For nesting, these large parrots choose a tree trunk with a hollow, which they expand with a beak. The birds prefer to use their home for many years.
If you take just a few steps to meet the parrots and listen to their territorial preferences – the coexistence of wild parrots and humans will be acceptable for such different inhabitants of the same planet.